Frequently asked questions (FAQs) about Applied Nutrigenetics Programs
You ask, we answer.
We put together the main terminology used in nutrigenetics that you should know about, the main frequently asked questions (FAQs) about our DNANUTRICOACH® applied nutrigenetics programs in lay words, and we present it all here.
What is DNA? DNA is a molecule, it is a nucleic acid called deoxyribonucleic acid. It carries all the genetic information of the organism and it is packed inside the nucleus of each cell.
What is a Gene? A gene is a segment of the DNA molecule that contains the instructions for how, when and where our bodies make each of the many thousands of proteins required for life.
What is a Genome? The genome is the group of all the genes found in the cell of a particular species. For example, in humans, the genome comprises of about 30000 genes.
What is a Genetic Analysis? It is a sophisticated, laboratory analysis, a test, which looks at the genes of a specific organism.
How long it takes for the nutrigenetic results to be ready? Approximately one month. If it is less, we inform you earlier. Our nutrigenetic results include a) the laboratory genetic analysis and b) the personalized report preparation.
What is a SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism): A SNP is a one-letter-change in the DNA sequence of an organism that could influence the outcome, phenotype or function of it.
What is a Rs number? It is a codification number that researchers worldwide use to refer to concrete SNPs.
What is a Chromosome? It is the specific formation (threadlike body) in the cell nucleus that compasses the DNA.
What is an Allele: It is a variant of the DNA sequence at a particular locus or location. Different alleles can produce a variation in inherited characteristics such as hair color or blood type. In an individual, one form of the allele (the dominant one) may be expressed more than another form (the recessive one). Others alleles may have no effect (silent) but may tag genes or other nearby alleles that are causative or contribute to a genetic characteristic, such as a disease or disease susceptibility.
What sample is necessary for the nutrigenetic analysis? For all DNANUTRICOACH® nutirgenetic analysis, we extract DNA from cells taken from the inside lining of cheeks through a saliva sample. We use specific swabs and the method is non-invasive, easy-to-obtain, quick and harmful.
What is a Risk factor? A risk factor is a term used in epidemiology to describe factors that could affect a person´s probability to experience a disease or condition. For example, people who consume large quantities of salt are at increased risk of developing hypertension.
Will the test tell me about reactions to medications? The nutrigenetic analysis only tests the genes that interact with our food. Pharmacogenetics is the analysis that tests how genes interact with medications i.e. chemical molecules and products.
Will the test tell me about cancer risk? No. Our nutrigenetic analysis includes only those genes related to nutrition and physical activity.
Will the test make me lose weight? The test will enlighten you on how your metabolism works, on how and what you should eat according to your genes. Losing weight is a far more complex procedure that requires continuous, professional guidance and help. The more precise and personalized the recommendations one receives, the easiest will be to lose weight.
Will the test analyze all my genes? No. Nutrigenetics analyses only those genes that have sufficient scientific evidence and are related to our nutritional habits and physical activity. We do not need to analyze all the genes to give nutrigenetic recommendations and we do not.
Is the test covered by my social security? The nutrigenetic analysis is a cutting-edge analysis that enhances preventive measures and lifestyle medicine. Social security systems, around the world, have not included nutrigenetic analysis in their coverage, yet.
Do you have more questions?
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By Dr. Valentini Konstantinidou
Nutritional Genomics Specialist and Consultant
Accredited Practitioner Coach (IAPC&M)