Up-to-date knowledge on the in vivo transcriptomic effect of the Mediterranean diet in humans
- By: DNANUTRICOACH
- 24 January 2016
That was the first review, back in 2014, of the in vivo transcriptomic effect of the Mediterranean diet in humans. The present review discusses and summarizes the up-to-date body of knowledge concerning human nutrigenomics studies with the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and olive oil (OO) interventions, at real-life doses and conditions.
A literature review was carried out until March 2012. Original articles assessing the nutrigenomic effect of the MedDiet and its main source of fat, OO, on gene expression were selected. State-of-the-art data in this field, although scarce, are promising.
Despite a great diversity among studies, the attributed health benefits of the MedDiet and its components, such as OO, could be explained by a transcriptomic effect on atherosclerosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress-related genes (i.e. ADRB2, IL7R, IFNγ, MCP1, TNFα). Gene expression changes in a protective mode were often associated with an improvement in systemic markers of oxidation and inflammation. The suggested underlying molecular pathways responsible for these changes, and the extent to which evidence exists of a MedDiet and OO nutrigenomic effect are also discussed.
The original publication can be found in PUBMEB, NIH National Library of Medicine.